DNA Profiling, also known as “DNA Fingerprinting” or “Genotyping” establishes a genetic code for individual dogs of every breed. This test does not determine breed type, rather, it identifies specific gene markers that are inherited from both parents.
Animal Genetics currently offers the ISAG (International Society for Animal Genetics) standard panel, which consists of 18 STR markers. This panel identifies highly polymorphic markers to determine the most informative genetic code for any dog. The DNA profile of a dog consists of two alleles for each marker, one that was inherited from the mother, and one that was inherited from the father.